Information about models, web updates and if you have any questions fell free to ask us at Forum
Cut-off rigidity evaluation Webmodel | Mailmodel with Tsyganenko 96 external geomagnetic field
Cut-off rigidity evaluation Webmodel | Mailmodel with Tsyganenko 05 external geomagnetic field
Models Authors | Contact


2011 & 2012 & 2013 Solar flare list

Flares are sudden flashes of radiation from Sun, covering an immense wavelength range: from radio waves to gamma-rays. They release a huge amount of energy, between 10^19 and 10^25 J, which is partially spent in heating and accelerating particles. They are index of high solar activity, being much more frequent during maximum of 11-year sunspot cycle.

There’s a classification depending on luminosity emitted on X-ray range, in particular it is based on measures of peak flux performed by GOES between 0.1 and 0.8 nm (see table 1). The classes are A,B,C,M and X, from the minor intensity to the major.


Table 1. Classification of flare intensity based on X peak flux measures
performed by GOES between 0.1 e 0.8 nm.

Every flare type is ten times more powerful than the previous one and in addition every class is divided linearly from 1 to 9, so, e.g., if a flare is A6, the emitted energy will be 6.0 x 10^-8 W/m^2, if a flare is C3.2 this will correspond to 3.2 x 10^-6 W/m^2 ...

The data provided in the list are those obtained from GOES X-ray monitor, together with information from GOES Solar Xray Imager. Flares are listed in cronological order, from the begin of 2011 to the march of 2013. In the first column there's the date in the format year/month/day. Columns from the second to the fourth show GMT times and respectively you can see start, end and maximum (X peak measure) of the event. The fifth column includes classes, but only the most intense are indicated (M and X). In the sixth columns there's the integral flux in J/m^2, from the begin to the end of phenomenon. Finally, the last two columns contains information from two different space probes: FERMI and RHESSI. The slash ''/'' means that they registered a solar flare about in the same time interval.

More complete solar flare list for year 2011 can be foud here or downloaded from this link.
More complete solar flare list for year 2012 can be downloaded from this link.
More complete solar flare list for year 2013 can be downloaded from this link.

2011
110128 0044 0110 0103 M 13 9.5E-03 / /
110209 0123 0135 0131 M 19 6.3E-03
110213 1728 1747 1738 M 66 4.0E-02 / /
110214 1720 1732 1726 M 22 8.7E-03 / /
110215 0144 0206 0156 X 22 1.6E-01 / /
110216 0132 0146 0139 M 10 5.1E-03 / /
110216 0735 0755 0744 M 11 8.6E-03 / /
110216 1419 1429 1425 M 16 4.4E-03 / /
110218 0955 1015 1011 M 66 1.9E-02 / /
110218 1023 1037 1026 M 10 7.0E-03 / /
110218 1259 1306 1303 M 14 3.3E-03 / /
110218 1400 1415 1408 M 10 4.7E-03 / /
110218 2056 2114 2104 M 13 9.5E-03
110224 0723 0742 0735 M 35 2.0E-02 / /
110228 1238 1303 1252 M 11 9.1E-03 / /
110307 0500 0519 0513 M 12 8.1E-03 /
110307 0749 0756 0754 M 15 3.7E-03 /
110307 0759 0815 0807 M 14 1.0E-02 /
110307 0914 0928 0920 M 18 8.9E-03 / /
110307 1345 1456 1430 M 19 6.2E-02 / /
110307 1943 2058 2012 M 37 1.2E-01 / /
110307 2145 2155 2150 M 15 6.6E-03 / /
110308 0224 0232 0229 M 13 3.2E-03 / /
110308 0337 0420 0358 M 15 2.8E-02 / /
110308 1035 1055 1044 M 53 3.4E-02 /
110308 1808 1841 1828 M 44 5.7E-02 / /
110308 1946 2119 2016 M 14 6.7E-02 / /
110309 1035 1121 1107 M 17 2.6E-02 / /
110309 1317 1413 1402 M 17 2.3E-02 /
110309 2313 2329 2323 X 15 6.7E-02 / /
110310 2234 2249 2241 M 11 5.8E-03
110312 0433 0448 0443 M 13 7.9E-03
110314 1930 1954 1952 M 42 1.0E-02 / /
110315 0018 0024 0022 M 10 1.5E-03 / /
110323 0203 0224 0217 M 14 9.0E-03
110324 1201 1211 1207 M 10 3.3E-03
110325 2308 2330 2322 M 10 8.0E-03 / /
110415 1702 1728 1712 M 13 1.2E-02
110422 0435 0514 0457 M 18 2.9E-02 / /
110422 1547 1611 1553 M 12 1.1E-02 / /
110528 2109 2201 2150 M 11 2.3E-02 / /
110529 1008 1108 1033 M 14 3.8E-02 / /
110607 0616 0659 0641 M 25 4.4E-02 //
110614 2136 2210 2147 M 13 1.8E-02 //
110727 1548 1622 1607 M 11 1.3E-02 //
110730 0204 0212 0209 M 93 2.0E-02 / /
110802 0519 0648 0619 M 14 3.9E-02 / /
110803 0308 0351 0337 M 11 1.6E-02 //
110803 0429 0435 0432 M 17 3.2E-03
110803 1317 1410 1348 M 60 1.2E-01 //
110804 0341 0404 0357 M 93 5.4E-02 //
110808 1800 1818 1810 M 35 2.2E-02 /
110809 0319 0408 0354 M 25 3.5E-02 / /
110809 0748 0808 0805 X 69 1.9E-01 /
110904 1121 1150 1145 M 32 1.8E-02 / /
110905 0408 0432 0428 M 16 2.2E-02 / /
110905 0727 0806 0758 M 12 1.7E-02 / /
110906 0135 0205 0150 M 53 5.4E-02 / /
110906 2212 2224 2220 X 21 5.8E-02 / /
110907 2232 2244 2238 X 18 6.9E-02 / /
110908 1532 1552 1546 M 67 4.2E-02
110909 0601 0617 0611 M 27 1.5E-02
110909 1239 1256 1249 M 12 7.8E-03
110910 0718 0756 0740 M 11 1.9E-02
110921 1204 1245 1223 M 18 3.4E-02 / /
110922 0953 1009 1000 M 11 7.6E-03 / /
110922 1029 1144 1101 X 14 4.5E-01 / /
110923 0147 0210 0159 M 16 1.6E-02
110923 2154 2234 2215 M 16 3.0E-02 / /
110923 2348 0004 2356 M 19 1.3E-02 / /
110924 0921 0948 0940 X 19 1.1E-01 / /
110924 1233 1410 1320 M 71 2.9E-01 / /
110924 1636 1715 1659 M 17 3.2E-02
110924 1719 1731 1725 M 31 1.6E-02 / /
110924 1759 1824 1815 M 28 3.3E-02
110924 1909 1941 1921 M 30 4.6E-02 / /
110924 2029 2042 2036 M 58 2.4E-02 / /
110924 2123 2132 2127 M 12 7.0E-03
110924 2345 0009 2358 M 10 1.1E-02
110925 0227 0237 0233 M 44 1.4E-02 / /
110925 0431 0505 0450 M 74 9.6E-02 / /
110925 0846 0852 0849 M 31 5.9E-03
110925 0925 0953 0935 M 15 2.1E-02 / /
110925 1526 1538 1533 M 37 1.6E-02 / /
110925 1651 1709 1658 M 22 1.7E-02 / /
110926 0506 0513 0508 M 40 1.4E-02
110926 1437 1502 1446 M 26 2.6E-02
110928 1324 1330 1328 M 12 2.3E-03 /
110930 1855 1915 1906 M 10 8.1E-03
111001 0856 1017 0959 M 12 2.9E-02 / /
111002 0037 0059 0050 M 39 2.8E-02 / /
111002 1719 1726 1723 M 13 2.8E-03
111020 0310 0344 0325 M 16 2.2E-02 / /
111021 1253 1308 1300 M 13 7.4E-03
111022 1000 1309 1110 M 13 1.1E-01
111031 1455 1527 1508 M 11 1.5E-02 / /
111031 1721 1850 1808 M 14 5.0E-02 / /
111102 2152 2219 2201 M 43 4.5E-02
111103 1058 1120 1111 M 25 2.0E-02 /
111103 2016 2032 2027 X 19 1.0E-01
111103 2328 2344 2336 M 21 1.4E-02
111104 2031 2046 2040 M 10 5.6E-03 / /
111105 0308 0358 0335 M 37 8.2E-02 / /
111105 1110 1142 1121 M 11 1.7E-02 / /
111105 2031 2054 2038 M 18 1.6E-02 / /
111106 0046 0124 0103 M 12 1.8E-02 / /
111106 0614 0641 0635 M 14 1.0E-02 / /
111109 1304 1412 1335 M 11 3.3E-02 /
111115 0903 0923 0912 M 12 1.0E-02 / /
111115 1230 1250 1243 M 19 1.2E-02
111115 2227 2242 2235 M 11 6.1E-03 /
111225 1811 1820 1816 M 40 1.1E-02 / /
111226 0213 0236 0227 M 15 1.2E-02 / /
111226 2012 2036 2030 M 23 2.2E-02 / /
111229 1340 1401 1350 M 19 1.5E-02 /
111229 2143 2159 2151 M 20 1.2E-02 /
111230 0303 0313 0309 M 12 3.7E-03
111231 1309 1319 1315 M 24 7.4E-03 /
111231 1616 1634 1626 M 15 8.5E-03 / /


More complete solar flare list for year 2012 can be downloaded from this link.

2012
120114 1314 1320 1318 M 14 3.0E-03 / /
120117 0441 0507 0453 M 10 1.1E-02 /
120118 1904 1927 1912 M 17 1.5E-02 /
120119 1344 1750 1605 M 32 2.7E-01 /
120123 0338 0434 0359 M 87 2.0E-01
120127 1737 1856 1837 X 17 3.2E-01 /
120206 1931 2017 2000 M 10 1.9E-02 /
120302 1729 1807 1746 M 33 4.9E-02 / /
120304 1029 1216 1052 M 20 9.2E-02 / /
120305 0230 0443 0409 X 11 3.7E-01 / /
120305 1910 1921 1916 M 21 7.8E-03 /
120305 1927 1932 1930 M 18 2.7E-03
120305 2226 2242 2234 M 13 7.3E-03
120306 0022 0031 0028 M 13 3.7E-03
120306 0136 0150 0144 M 12 5.9E-03
120306 0401 0408 0405 M 10 2.6E-03 / /
120306 0752 0800 0755 M 10 2.7E-03 /
120306 1223 1254 1241 M 21 2.2E-02 /
120306 2104 2114 2111 M 13 4.9E-03
120306 2249 2311 2253 M 10 9.7E-03 /
120307 0002 0040 0024 X 54 6.7E-01 /
120307 0105 0123 0114 X 13 1.5E-01 /
120309 0322 0418 0353 M 63 1.3E-01 / /
120310 1715 1830 1744 M 84 2.6E-01 / /
120313 1712 1825 1741 M 79 2.4E-01 / /
120314 1508 1536 1521 M 28 2.9E-02
120315 0723 0808 0752 M 18 2.2E-02 /
120317 2032 2042 2039 M 14 3.6E-03 / /
120323 1934 1944 1940 M 10 3.0E-03 / /
120416 1724 1800 1745 M 17 2.5E-02 / /
120427 0815 0829 0824 M 10 5.3E-03 / /
120505 1319 1329 1323 M 14 5.5E-03 /
120505 2256 2304 2301 M 13 3.6E-03 / /
120506 0112 0120 0118 M 11 2.3E-03
120506 1741 1752 1747 M 13 4.4E-03 /
120507 1403 1452 1431 M 19 3.5E-02 / /
120508 1302 1312 1308 M 14 4.5E-03 / /
120509 1221 1236 1232 M 47 1.9E-02 / /
120509 1402 1414 1408 M 18 7.5E-03 / /
120509 2101 2109 2105 M 41 1.2E-02 / /
120510 0411 0423 0418 M 57 2.1E-02
120510 2020 2030 2026 M 17 5.6E-03 / /
120517 0125 0214 0147 M 51 9.9E-02 / /
120603 1748 1757 1755 M 33 7.0E-03 / /
120606 1954 2013 2006 M 21 1.3E-02
120609 1120 1135 1132 M 19 5.7E-03
120609 1645 1656 1653 M 18 6.5E-03 / /
120610 0639 0650 0645 M 13 5.0E-03
120613 1129 1431 1317 M 12 7.5E-02 / /
120614 1252 1556 1435 M 19 1.2E-01 / /
120628 1607 1615 1612 M 24 4.8E-03 /
120629 0913 0922 0920 M 22 4.4E-03
120630 1248 1254 1252 M 10 1.7E-03 /
120630 1826 1834 1832 M 16 3.3E-03 / /
120701 1911 1921 1918 M 29 8.5E-03 / /
120702 0026 0040 0035 M 11 4.6E-03
120702 1043 1057 1052 M 56 2.7E-02
120702 1959 2013 2007 M 38 1.8E-02
120702 2349 0003 2356 M 20 1.1E-02 / /
120704 0428 0445 0437 M 23 1.6E-02 /
120704 0947 0957 0955 M 53 1.4E-02 / /
120704 1207 1232 1224 M 23 2.0E-02 / /
120704 1435 1442 1440 M 13 2.7E-03 / /
120704 1633 1648 1639 M 18 1.2E-02
120704 2203 2215 2209 M 46 2.0E-02 / /
120704 2347 0002 2355 M 12 8.1E-03 / /
120705 0105 0115 0110 M 24 9.0E-03 / /
120705 0235 0247 0242 M 22 9.7E-03
120705 0325 0339 0336 M 47 1.4E-02 / /
120705 0649 0705 0658 M 11 8.5E-03
120705 0740 0748 0745 M 13 3.8E-03 / /
120705 1044 1050 1048 M 18 3.2E-03 / /
120705 1139 1149 1144 M 62 1.8E-02
120705 1305 1332 1318 M 12 1.5E-02 / /
120705 2009 2028 2014 M 16 1.3E-02 / /
120705 2137 2151 2145 M 16 8.6E-03 / /
120706 0137 0142 0140 M 29 4.1E-03 / /
120706 0244 0258 0251 M 10 6.7E-03 /
120706 0817 0827 0823 M 15 5.3E-03 / /
120706 1024 1032 1029 M 18 5.2E-03
120706 1326 1332 1330 M 12 2.1E-03
120706 1848 1905 1855 M 13 8.3E-03 / /
120706 2301 2314 2308 X 11 4.3E-02
120707 0310 0323 0315 M 12 6.7E-03 / /
120707 0818 0839 0828 M 10 9.6E-03
120707 1057 1107 1103 M 26 8.3E-03 / /
120708 0541 0552 0546 M 13 6.0E-03 / /
120708 0944 0957 0953 M 11 4.4E-03
120708 1206 1213 1210 M 14 3.3E-03 / /
120708 1623 1642 1632 M 69 4.5E-02 / /
120709 2303 2311 2307 M 11 2.8E-03 / /
120710 0458 0531 0514 M 17 2.4E-02 /
120710 0605 0647 0627 M 21 3.3E-02 / /
120712 1537 1730 1649 X 14 4.6E-01 / /
120714 0451 0505 0458 M 10 6.1E-03 /
120717 1203 1904 1715 M 17 2.1E-01 / /
120719 0417 0656 0558 M 77 3.6E-01 / /
120727 1717 1732 1726 M 28 1.6E-02
120728 2044 2104 2056 M 61 4.0E-02 / /
120729 0615 0629 0622 M 23 1.2E-02 / /
120730 1539 1553 1548 M 11 5.2E-03 /
120731 1046 1226 1130 M 57 2.0E-02 / /
120806 0433 0441 0438 M 16 4.1E-03 / /
120811 1155 1257 1220 M 10 2.5E-02
120817 1312 1323 1319 M 24 6.9E-03
120817 1708 1727 1720 M 10 6.1E-03 / /
120818 0024 0107 0102 M 55 2.9E-02 / /
120818 0317 0330 0323 M 19 8.1E-03
120818 1602 1609 1607 M 20 3.8E-03
120818 2246 2300 2254 M 10 5.1E-03
120818 2315 2332 2322 M 13 9.2E-03 / /
120830 1202 1214 1211 M 13 3.9E-03 / /
120906 0406 0420 0413 M 16 7.5E-03 / /
120908 1735 1820 1759 M 14 2.8E-02 /
120909 2150 2256 2236 M 12 3.6E-02 / /
120930 0427 0442 0433 M 13 6.9E-03 / /
121008 1105 1123 1117 M 23 1.1E-02 / /
121009 2322 2335 2331 M 17 6.4E-03 /
121010 0451 0520 0504 M 10 1.3E-02 /
121020 1805 1819 1814 M 90 3.5E-02
121021 1946 2020 2003 M 13 1.4E-02 / /
121022 1838 1901 1851 M 50 3.7E-02 /
121023 0313 0321 0317 X 18 4.9E-02 / /
121120 1236 1246 1241 M 17 6.3E-03 / /
121120 1921 1932 1928 M 16 5.2E-03
121121 0645 0708 0656 M 14 1.2E-02 / /
121121 1510 1538 1530 M 35 2.6E-02 /
121127 1552 1603 1557 M 16 5.8E-03 /
121127 2105 2130 2126 M 10 5.4E-03 / /
121128 2120 2148 2136 M 22 1.9E-02


More complete solar flare list for year 2013 can be downloaded from this link.

2013
130105 0926 0934 0931 M 18 4.2E-03 /
130111 0843 0917 0911 M 12 9.3E-03 / /
130111 1451 1524 1507 M 10 1.4E-02 /
130113 0045 0052 0050 M 10 1.9E-03 / /
130113 0835 0840 0838 M 17 2.0E-03 / /
130217 1545 1552 1550 M 19 2.9E-03 / /
130305 0747 0759 0754 M 12 4.3E-03
130315 0546 0835 0658 M 11 7.3E-02 / /
130321 2142 2236 2204 M 16 3.3E-02 /



References

1. http://solarscience.msfc.nasa.gov/SunspotCycle.shtml
2. GOES :http://noaasis.noaa.gov/NOAASIS/ml/genlsatl.html
3. http://www.swpc.noaa.gov
4. http://hesperia.gsfc.nasa.gov/fermi_solar/
5. Manuela Mallamaci degree thesis: Study of solar transient phenomena with ams-02 and other space probes